Water Safety

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Many children enjoy water. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) sometimes seem particularly drawn to all kinds of water: water dripping from a spigot in a sink, a filled bathtub, a wading pool, a body of water such as a pond, lake, or swimming pool, and of course the ocean! Water can be soothing and calming as well as fun. Children with ASD may even leave the house looking for water simply because they like it, and, during times of stress, children with ASD may seek out water sources to calm themselves.

On more than one occasion, a child with ASD has been found at a neighborhood stream, leaning over the bank’s edge to allow the water to flow through the child’s fingers. Other stories are told about children found playing in a small amount of water left undrained in a wading pool or children running from home to the neighborhood pool.

Sometimes these stories do not have such happy endings. Drowning is a leading cause of death among children with ASD. As parents and caretakers, the responsibility for keeping our children safe lies with us.

What can you do?

Here are a few suggestions:

  • Teach water safety at an early age. Water safety includes swim lessons. Lessons for children with special needs can be found at many recreation centers and YMCAs. Be aware: although children may learn to swim, it does not mean they will use this skill if they are frightened or upset.
  • If you have a pool or live near one, be sure there are adequate gates, alarms, locks, and pool covers in good working condition.
  • Drain all water from all containers as soon as they are finished being used. This includes buckets, wading pools, etc.
  • Take advantage of the fact that children with ASD usually abide by rules – almost to a fault. Have very strict rules around water play, swim instruction, etc., or whenever the child may be near a body of water. Use  Social Stories™ to reinforce the rules and try to anticipate situations. For example, set a rule — Do not go into the water — for when the child is around water and a parent is not there. Give the child a replacement behavior — Wait for a familiar adult to take you in.
  • If your child is drawn to water, complete safety forms with local safety offices and indicate where all possible water sources are located near your home. These can include places where large puddles form after storms.
  • Install a buzzer  alarm system in your home so you are aware if your child leaves without your notice.
  • Consider putting a lock on the toilet.

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Last Updated: July 11, 2016

The Center for Autism Research and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia do not endorse or recommend any specific person or organization or form of treatment. The information included within the CAR Autism Roadmap™ and CAR Resource Directory™ should not be considered medical advice and should serve only as a guide to resources publicly and privately available. Choosing a treatment, course of action, and/or a resource is a personal decision, which should take into account each individual's and family's particular circumstances.


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